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village sanitation
Public toilets built by the Pemba Foundation in the village of Maziwa Ngombe.
The Pemba Foundation manages the philanthropic work in Pemba of a large US multinational, FMC Corporation.  A company division, FMC Health and Nutrition, is a major buyer of the seaweed that is farmed in Pemba's coastal waters.  Seaweed is farmed in many tropical parts of the world, as a source of carrageenan gum and other common food additives.

FMC's past philanthropy in Pemba focused on improving working conditions of the women who farm the seaweed, while more recently it has turned its attention to conditions in the villages where the seaweed farmers live.  These villages are some of the poorest and most remote in Pemba. 
Many have inadequate sanitation, and many houses may have no sanitation at all.  Running water – often a limited quantity – may only be available from communal standpipes.  In the rainy season, cholera regularly hits some villages, affecting children particularly, some of whom die as a result.
Village street during the rainy season. Floodwater may carry human waste.
In 2015 FMC was asked by a seaweed-farming village, Maziwa Ngombe, for public toilet buildings.  The village has a population of about 6,000, in about 1,500 houses, at least 1,000 of which have no running water or sanitation.  Maziwa Ngombe's streets often flood during the rainy season, and cholera outbreaks are common.  2015 was especially bad, and for a time the village school had to be used as a hospital.  FMC agreed to fund 2 buildings, and asked the Pemba Foundation to handle the project.  

In cooperation with village leaders the Foundation designed the buildings, hired local workers and managed construction.  They were completed in early 2016 and are now in operation.  The Foundation also upgraded the water supply and installed a storage tank for a public toilet building built some years ago in Mjini Kiuyu, another seaweed-farming village